Łódź (pronounced “Woodge”) is the third most populated city in Poland, located in the center of the country. Owing to its textile industry, it used to be the main industrial city in Poland. However, recently it has been turning into a cultural center, mainly due to a big number of festivals, exhibitions, music events, concerts and other artistic projects.

Lodz-born world-renowned artists include: pianist Arthur Rubinstein (1887-1982), composer and violinist Grażyna Bacewicz (1909-1969), composer Aleksander Tansman (1897-1986) and poet Julian Tuwim (1894-1953).

Lodz is also a significant academic center in Poland with more than 120,000 students. The city has over 25 schools of higher education, including large reputable institutions such as the University of Lodz, the Technical University of Lodz, Medical University of Lodz, or prestigious world-famous art schools like the Strzemiński Academy of Fine Arts and Design, the Grazyna and Kiejstut Bacewicz Academy of Music, or the Lodz Film School.

The unique (on a European scale) 19th-century architecture of the city is now regaining its splendor. Many old factories and industrial facilities have been revitalized and converted into lofts, commercial, leisure or art centers. One of such places, which used to belong to Izrael Poznański, is now a shopping and cultural center called “Manufaktura”. It is one of the biggest centers of that kind in Europe and a favorite meeting place providing entertainment for tourists and city residents.

Recently modernized and extended the Władysław Reymont Airport in Lodz offers cheap flights to a number of European destinations. There is also a number of train and coach connections between Lodz and other Polish and European cities.

If you want to know more about the city, here you have a LODZ GUIDE: WHERE TO EAT, DRINK, SHOP AND STAY IN POLAND’S UP-AND-COMING CITY written by Ella Buchan for The Independent.